The term “extraction” is simply another word for tooth removal. A tooth extraction is often necessary for the removal of wisdom teeth or for teeth with fractures/damage/decay that can no longer be fixed. Sometimes teeth may also be extracted to make room for orthodontic appliances and treatments.
Tooth extraction can be done surgically or non-surgically. It all depends on the condition of the tooth.
Surgical extractions are often recommended when the tooth is difficult to access. That may be because it hasn’t fully broken through the gum line, or it broke under it. The surgery involves making an incision to provide access to the tooth. It is then carefully broken into several pieces so that removal becomes much easier.
If the extraction is non-surgical, anesthesia may be applied to relieve the pain. Dental forceps are used to grasp the tooth, while a tool called an “elevator” is used to remove the tooth gently.